Employment Outlook & Career Guidance for Rehabilitation Counselors

Rehabilitation EmploymentIf you are considering a career as a Rehabilitation Counselor, the job outlook is propitious.

In other words, if the statistics were a song it would be “The Future’s So Bright You’ll Have to Wear Shades!” The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that the demand for qualified Rehabilitation Counselors will be 20%; while the demand for other professions is 11%.

In 2012 there were 117,500 Rehabilitation Counselors employed; the estimated number for the year 2022 is 140,900. This means there will be approximately 23,400 jobs available by the year 2022.

Part of the reason for the increase in demand for Rehabilitation Counselors is the accelerated percentage of Americans entering their senior years. With the Baby Boomers now entering their 50’s, there will be more elderly citizens comprising the population than has ever in history. Although society stresses the importance of maintaining health as age progresses; still a large percentage of injuries requiring the services of Rehabilitation Counselors is and will be found in senior population.

Not all persons needing the services of a Rehabilitation Counselor are in their geriatric phase. Potential clients are those who for some reason; mental, emotional or physical, are unable to function independently in their communities. With the help of a Rehabilitation Counselor, however, these persons are able to live happy, healthy and productive lives.

Learn more about how to become a rehabilitation counselor.

Where is a Rehabilitation Counselor Most Likely to Find Employment?

There are many avenues open for Rehabilitation Counselors because the spectrum of assistance they provide is extremely wide. In order to know where the counselor will most likely find employment, it is necessary to determine exactly which type of client the counselor seeks to work with and in what capacity. Lee Pearson is the program director for one college’s Master of Arts in Rehabilitation Program. He describes the many different types of Rehabilitation Counseling might be explored.

“In many ways the Rehabilitation Counselor and the process of rehabilitation is assisting people with disabilities; and that includes all kinds and types of disabilities, from physical disabilities; psychiatric disabilities; learning disabilities; sensory impairment; deafness; blindness; alcohol or drug addictions. The role of the Rehabilitation Counselor is to assist them in developing a plan and implementing that plan to overcome the barriers and obstacles that are created as a result of this disability whatever it may be, and to achieve their life goals.” 

- Lee Pearson, Master of Arts in Rehabilitation Counseling Program Director

Who is the Client?

The client of a Rehabilitation Counselor is an individual who suffers from difficulties resulting from birth defects, illness, disease, accidents or the stress of daily life. Each category is different and some patients may suffer from a combination. Once the nature of the disability is identified, the Rehabilitation Counselor helps the client to maximize their independence and chances of employment.

A Rehabilitation Counselor (RC) has the unique opportunity to assist individuals in a holistic manner because they become involved in the patient’s life on every level; personal, social and vocationally.  The counselor takes into consideration the client in his/her entirety:  physical abilities and limitations; mental strengths and weaknesses; financial resources or lack thereof; any support systems (family/friends/religious); ability to qualify for federal, state and local outreach programs; capabilities with regards to functioning independently in the community and the client’s potential to eventually acquire the needed skills and coping mechanisms necessary for living life within society.

Rehabilitation Counselor as Counselor

The number one function of a Rehabilitation Counselor (as the title suggests) is to counsel their clients. The topics of therapy however, have a broad spectrum of possibilities. Each client is a unique blend of characteristics and qualities; the RC must take each strength and weakness and evaluate these in the long and short terms.

Counseling the client can occur in a number of settings:

  • Private Practice
  • Mental Health/Substance Abuse Facilities
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Service Institutions
  • Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability Facilities
  • State/Local Government run units and programs (public.)
  • Individual and Family Services units and programs (private or public.)

Rehabilitation Counselor as Evaluator

The Rehabilitation Counselor evaluates the nature of the client’s disability. If it is a mental disability the counselor assesses the psychological aspects of the case; possibly involving other professionals such as psychiatrists, medical doctors or substance abuse specialists. The evaluation must include perceived abilities and limitations; over-all health issues or concerns; the disposition of the client and factors possibly contributing to the mental disability; environment, relationships, diet, as well as current available opportunities for growth. If the disability is physical, the counselor evaluates the parameters within which the client can operate in the course of any given day. They determine if the client is functioning at full capacity, or is in need of other professionals to assist them; i.e. physical therapists.

Evaluation of a client can occur in a variety of settings:

  • At the request of another mental health professional ( i.e. Career Counselor)
  • For a public or private school as either an on-call or on-staff basis
  • Physical Rehabilitation services may request an assessment of a patient.
  • Hospitals (both public and private) may need an on-call or permanent Rehabilitation Counselor to assist with incoming medical patients with obvious disabilities.
  • If the Rehabilitation Counselor is in private practice they will need to do evaluations.
  • County facilities that cater to the disabled (outpatient.)
  • Private residential facilities.
  • Charity Organizations that assist disabled person.

Rehabilitation Counselor as Treatment Developer

The Rehabilitation Counselor seeks to learn the client’s personal nature, disposition, interests, dislikes and goals. They then design a treatment plan based on the uniqueness of the client; taking into consideration the individual’s values, strengths and limitations both physically and psychologically. Treatment plans may be done at the request of:

  • Physicians (private or public)
  • Hospitals (private or public)
  • Outpatient facilities for the disabled
  • Inpatient residential homes for the disabled
  • Mental Health Centers/Drug Abuse facilities
  • County Government offices, Welfare, and health related programs.
  • State and Local Courthouses: Court Ordered reports and plans.
  • Law Offices: Pre-Trial preparation reports for attorneys; evaluations
  • Insurance Carriers
  • Expert Witness for litigation purposes.

Rehabilitation Counselor as Intermediary/Facilitator

The role of developing, designing and creating a plan of treatment for a client may involve coordinating with other professionals, doctors, therapists, psychologists, and social workers. It may also mean working with family members, friends and other human resources available to the client. The Rehabilitation Counselor may have to schedule doctor’s appointments, other medical appointments, career/vocational training as well as arrange for transportation. These duties would typically be incorporated into an institutional setting.

  • Clinics or Treatment Facilities
  • Residential Programs
  • Schools (Public and Private)
  • County Services

“Rehabilitation counselors are specially trained counselors who can help with how a client feels about changes; they can work with the family and/or employers to help negotiate those changes. Some of the outcomes people might want would be to modify the circumstances of their employment so that they can do it with less effort or less pain; so they can maximize their cognitive skills. Rehabilitation counselors help with that.”

- Kurt Johnson, PhD, University of Washington

Rehabilitation Counselor as Educator

A Rehabilitation Counselor can educate the public either through public forums or as an instructor at a campus of higher learning.

  • Lecturer for Government-based programs
  • College Instructor
  • Expert Witness for litigation purposes

Rehabilitation Counselor as an Advocate

Working towards greater awareness of the plight of those with disabilities and the encouragement of participation by the community are positions typically found within non-profit organizations.

  • Non-Profit Organizations: Heighten awareness and Acquire Funding for Programs

Ways for a Rehabilitation Counselor to Increase Desirability as a Job Candidate

  • Education: The more academically prepared you are by obtaining degrees, the more likely you are to be hired. A Bachelor’s Degree and a Master’s Degree are two things you ideally take with you into the interview room. 
  • Research the internet for experiences others have had in the interview process.
  • Be prepared to answer a lot of questions about yourself and why you have chosen the field. Mentally go over your answers. Role-play if necessary.
  • Prepare yourself for critical thinking questions: These are usually scenarios of clients with different disabilities; be ready to assess how you would handle their situations.
  • Since many laws have affected the job of Rehabilitation Counseling, you might want to familiarize yourself with an historical perspective of the evolution of your chosen profession. A quick, easy-read, resource outlining changes since the 1968 Rehabilitation Act to the 1990 American with Disabilities act is The History of Legislation since 1960.
  • The Basics: Dress professionally (the job interview starts when you pull into the parking lot.); carry yourself with an air of self-assurance; smile and project a positive attitude. The essence of the job for which you are interviewing is the empowerment of people who are seeking a better way of life through counseling. Know you deserve the job and let your confidence shine.

Ways for a Rehabilitation Counselor to Increase His/Her Salary

Employers reward employees who not only know the job from an intellectual standpoint but also from an experiential one. If you develop a community image through involvement with outside charities supporting the very disabilities of which you are involved; your employer will see your dedication and motivation. These are powerful bargaining tools.

An example of one charity that works with local industries to provide jobs for the disabled is Industrial Support Systems (ISS) or Fontana Rehabilitation Workshop. ISS coordinates local industries with clients (they refer to their clients as “consumers.”) who are able to do manual piece work. They then sell the completed components to the local businesses that have contracted for their products. Each year there are events which raise money for the charity and volunteers are always welcome. Their work is also highly recognized by The Chamber of Commerce.; in February 2014 they received a key to the city for 50 years of service.

Association with any group which supplements your company’s efforts in the community will definitely increase your chances of increasing your salary.

Highest Paying Employers

According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics, the following are the highest paying employers of Rehabilitation Counselors. If you are not able to increase your salary where you are employed; you might research these options:

  • Community Food and Housing, and Emergency and Other Relief Services
  • Insurance Carriers
  • Educational Support Services
  • General Medical and Surgical Hospitals
  • Nursing Care Facilities
  • Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals