Employment Outlook & Career Guidance for Addiction Social Workers
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The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects faster-than-average job growth for addiction social workers, with a 31 percent increase in employment by 2022. One main reason for the growth in this field is that the Affordable Care Act, enacted in 2010, mandates insurance providers cover treatment for mental health issues. With Americans now required to carry insurance that covers these services, experts in the field of addiction social work predict an influx in the number of individuals seeking work in the mental healthcare and social work fields.
Another factor may be the shift in how the justice department handles offenders. Rather than jail time for abuse and addiction-related offences, many offenders are now receiving treatment-oriented sentences. As such, the BLS projects that between 2012 and 2022, approximately 30,000 new social worker and counselor jobs will be added to meet the demand.
“New graduates need to know that addiction is an illness, just like cancer or diabetes. It must be treated with the same level of care and seriousness. They also need to be very familiar with programs such as AA, NA, Celebrate Recovery, etc.”
“Addicts often relapse. This affects my law practice when a client relapses because he or she may be facing jail again. If I am working a good social worker who understands the nature of addiction, I can oftentimes mitigate the damage done by a relapse.” - Swindle Law Group, P.C.
Forms of addiction an addiction social worker may encounter:
Some types of addiction are defined and listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), while other forms of addiction are more controversial or less problematic and have been identified by only a few addiction professionals.
- Drug and Alcohol addiction
According to the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), nearly 23.1 million Americans, age 12 years or older have a problem with alcohol or drugs.
- Gambling addiction
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) has recently re-classified gambling disorders. Once classified as an impulse control disorder, it is now an addictive disorder.
- Sex addiction
Not yet formally classified as an addiction, the APA is considering adding addictive sexual behavior to its updated Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, under hypersexual behavior disorders.
To a lesser degree, the following behavioral “addictions” (unlike impulse control disorders, such as kleptomania and pyromania) can be nearly as disruptive to individuals and families as the addictions listed above. They include:
- Food (eating)
- Pain (seeking)
- Playing video games
- Pornography (attaining, viewing)
- Using computers / the internet
What Type of Positions Can an Addiction Social Worker Hold?
An addiction social worker is likely to meet the needs of individuals with addiction and substance misuse in a variety of settings, as addiction is a prominent theme in areas, such as:
- domestic violence
- child abuse and neglect
- veterans services
- gambling addictions
- juvenile delinquency
- mental health
- sex addiction
Addiction social workers now also practice in areas once served by addiction specialists certified in drug and alcohol counseling, and sex addiction.
Since all forms of addiction can impact most every area of people’s lives, addiction social workers often must fill many roles when assisting these individuals. For example, they may help find stable housing, ensure that individuals are getting proper medical attention for their addiction, and find resources that help take them out of the cycle of addiction.
Social workers trained in addictions provide a number services, such as:
- Case management
- Group and individual therapy
- Individual and family counseling
- Sex addiction counseling
- Gambling addiction counseling
- Advocacy for jobs
- Assistance with housing needs
- Community development and awareness
Addiction social workers can work as part of a team with other trained professionals, principally certified alcohol and drug counselors and sex addiction counselors, physicians and nurses, or other healthcare workers. It should be noted that most states require alcohol and drug certification in order to gain employment in specialized addiction treatment settings.
Learn more about becoming an addiction social worker.
Typical Employment Settings for an Addiction Social Worker
In 2008, there were nearly 650,000 social workers in the US. Half were employed in healthcare and social assistance (which includes addiction social workers), and half in government agencies. With a projected 31 percent growth rate over the next decade, in part because of new mandates through the Affordable Care Act, increased abuse of drugs (both illegal and prescription), the rising number of sexual offenders, the reclassification of gambling addiction, and growth in unemployment, the need for trained addiction social workers is sure to skyrocket.
“You can't read the news these days without reading about the heroine crisis. The field is growing everyday in order to keep up with the demand for treatment. I have been working in the field for a long time. I have traveled the country evaluating programs and am amazed at the number of new programs opening. We need well-trained clinicians to keep up with the growth.” - Sarah E. Stewart, MSW, CPC
Trained addiction and substance abuse social workers can be found practicing in a wide variety of settings, which may include:
- Methadone maintenance clinics
- Inpatient and outpatient treatment settings
- Residential treatment centers
- Government policy-making positions
- Community development settings
- Child welfare settings
- Community mental health centers
- Family service agencies
- Criminal justice system
An addiction social worker can expect to spend a great deal of time in an office environment. However, a significant amount of time traveling is not uncommon. Typical workweek is 40-hours, although some addiction social workers work part time. Evening and weekend hours are also common in case of emergencies. Work is satisfying, but stressful and challenging. Large caseloads and understaffing can add to increased job pressure.
On the flip-side, breakthroughs with resistant outpatient or inpatient clients, times when patients begin to make positive choices through treatment programs, and those times when patients completely turn their lives around are “light bulb moments,” and can make employment in this field very rewarding.
Typical Pathway to a Career in Addiction Social Work
“If you already have your MSW, chances are you already have many of the credits you need to obtain your CADC (certified alcohol and drug counselor). There are some specific classes you may need to complete the education requirements, like psychopharmacology. You must find a CADC supervisor, who can supervise your 1000 hours of working in the addiction field. Once that is complete, You may take the national CADC exam. Once passed, you may apply (and pay!) for your license. Again, 40 hours of continuing education every two years to maintain the license.” - Amber Holt, LCSW, CADC
- Most addiction social workers earn a bachelor’s or master’s degree in social work
- Most have taken courses, or complete an internship in addiction or substance abuse
- Some graduate-level programs offer concentrations, certifications, and specializations in addiction social work
- Credentials and licensure requirements vary by state
For individuals who have earned a master’s degree and meet other requirements, the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) offers a voluntary Certified Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs Social Worker credential (C-CATODSW).
“If you are entering the field of social work you need a Master's degree. It is remarkable how much you learn in graduate school and the extra clinical training is fantastic. I know it is expensive, I put myself through undergrad and graduate school. However, many graduate programs have something called advanced standing. If you have a BSW, (not older than 5 years) with at least a 3.2 GPA (a solid undergrad clinical internship is also helpful) you can cut your graduate school time in half! This also means half the cost. The career opportunities you will have with an MSW will be immense.” - Sarah Stewart, MSW, CPC
Job Growth and Salary Outlook for Addiction Social Workers
The highest concentration of employment for “Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers” (which includes addiction social workers) are found in these occupations:
- Outpatient Care Centers
- Percent of industry employment: 3.32 percent
- Community food and housing and emergency and other relief services
- Percent of industry employment: 1.67 percent
- Residential, disability, mental health and substance abuse facilities
- Percent of industry employment: 2.61 percent
- Other residential care facilities
- Percent of industry employment: 1.30 percent
- Psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals
- Percent of industry employment: 3.82 percent
Highest paying industries for addiction social workers, include:
- Offices of other health practitioners
- Management, scientific and technical consulting services
- Elementary and secondary schools
- Home health care services
- Psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals
As of May 2014, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics list the average mean annual wage is $41,380, and depends on geographic location, education, and experience. Some experienced addiction social workers can make over $70,000 per year, while individuals just entering the field may make a little more than $25,000 per year.
Characteristics Employers Tend to Look for in an Addiction Social Worker
“I think that caring people who understand addiction can substantially assist the criminal defense attorney in his or her work. I rely on these social workers and counselors to assist me in getting the best resolution for my clients!” – Jason W. Swindle, Sr., Swindle Law Group
As with most social worker jobs, the career of an addiction social worker can be stressful and challenging. It is not uncommon to be called into work on a weekend or in the evening for an emergency. Therefore, it is imperative for an addiction social worker to have the following characteristics in order to be successful and meet the requirements of employers:
- A perceptive communicator and listener
- An understanding of the psychological facets of addiction
- Empathetic and patient
- Highly organized
- Objective and persistent
- Highly motivated and committed
Attributes Employers Often Look For When Hiring an Addiction Social Worker
Sarah E. Stewart, MSW, CPC advises graduates to, “Make sure you are taking elective classes that focus on addiction. Do your internship at a clinically strong addiction facility. Attend open AA and NA meetings in your area. Network, Network, Network! There are many events going on all over the country that focus on addiction. Get out and volunteer or participate. You will make a lot of connections!
Also, make sure whatever position you take, you have a strong supervisor. The first few years can be hard and a good supervisor can make all the difference.”
Related Social Work Education Guides
Substance Abuse Social Worker Networking Opportunities, Organizations, and Resources
There are a number of organizations, resources and opportunities for individuals interested in a career as an addiction social worker. These may include webinars, conferences and social media events.
- The Association for Addiction Professionals (NAADAC) -
- The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) -
- Addiction Technology Transfer Center Network -
- International Coalition for Addiction Studies Education -
- International Certification & Reciprocity Consortium -http://internationalcredentialing.org
- AllPsych Online, Index of Psychiatric Disorders -http://allpsych.com/disorders/disorders_alpha.html
- Social Work Today Magazine -
- National Institute on Drug Abuse, Addiction is a Chronic Disease -http://archives.drugabuse.gov/about/welcome/aboutdrugabuse/chronicdisease/