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What Is an Army Psychologist?
Army psychologists are the professionals responsible for the mental well-being of Army soldiers, veterans, and their families. Like traditional psychologists, these professionals diagnose and treat a variety of different mental disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. Unlike traditional psychologists, however, Army psychologists are trained to deal specifically with the special needs of members of the armed forces.
Army Psychologist Job Duties & Responsibilities
Before a new Army recruit can start his career, he must first meet and speak with an Army psychologist. It is the psychologist’s duty to perform a mental evaluation on each new recruit. This is to ensure that the recruits are mentally stable and able to handle the stress of military life.
Since deployment can be a very stressful time for enlisted soldiers and their families, Army psychologists will also usually meet with soldiers who are getting ready to leave home. During this time, they will offer counseling and therapy to help treat any mental disorders, such as depression.
Army psychologists are also available on both domestic and foreign Army bases to help treat any soldiers that are experiencing mental and emotional problems. When soldiers are home on domestic bases, psychologists might counsel them for a variety of problems, from minor stress to substance abuse. Soldiers who are away from home on foreign bases, however, may suffer from more severe mental anguish. For instance, the thought of taking another human life – even during wartime – is a hard thing for nearly anyone to deal with. Army psychologists often find themselves counseling soldiers with very heavy burdens.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – sometimes referred to as shell shock or battle fatigue – is one of the most common disorders that Army psychologists treat. This is a type of anxiety disorder that can occur after a particularly traumatizing event, such as war. An Army psychologist will often recommend cognitive behavioral therapy for PTSD, but medication might be needed in addition to this therapy, especially in more severe cases.
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What Are the Education Requirements to Become an Army Psychologist?
An Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, or ASVAB, test is usually required first. This test helps the Army determine a future service man or woman’s strengths and weaknesses for job placement.
In general, an Army psychologist should have a four year degree in psychology to start. According to the official Army website, Army psychologists are also required to have a doctoral degree in clinical or counseling psychology, along with a valid license to practice.
Military training is also usually required in order to become an Army psychologist. This usually includes basic training and physical conditioning. Some military psychologists also do a tour of active duty before they start practicing.
Army Psychologist Salary
The salary of an Army psychologist will usually depend on his experience and rank. Generally, as most Army psychologists proceed with their careers, they will often be promoted to a higher rank. The more experience a psychologist has and the higher rank he is, the more money he will make. According to some sources, the average salary for an Army psychologist is around $60,000 per year.
Besides being paid an annual salary, however, an Army psychologist will also usually get to enjoy other benefits that come with a military career. For instance, they will often get funds to help them pay off any student loans they might have acquired during their schooling. They will also usually get free or low cost housing and medical care for themselves and their families.
Job Outlook for Army Psychologists
In today’s military, the mental health of enlisted service men and women is considered to be very important. Because of this, the job outlook for Army psychologists is very good. Excellent sign on bonuses and very competitive wages are even offered to qualified Army psychologists as an incentive for them to enlist.